Thinking about life after university can be quite the daunting thought. As corny as this sounds, graduating university is truly the start of a whole new chapter in one’s life.
Think about it… you’ve spent the majority of your life in and out of classrooms and various schools. But now it’s time to enter the real world – the one with cubicles and office spaces. Sounds like a blast, right?
This big step can bring about many questions like: “Where will I end up professionally?” and “What job opportunities are available to me?”
As someone who has recently made the transition from university studies to the job force, I can tell you that the job application process can be fairly intimidating. For one, many positions ask for years of experience within a given field. But without being given the opportunity to work, how are we expected to gain experience to begin with?
For this reason, I highly encourage university students to look into internship opportunities prior to graduating. Gaining some work experience can
be beneficial for your resume and give you a better shot at landing future job interviews and positions.
You’d be surprised to know just how many internship opportunities are out there. Of course, doing your own research and job hunting is a great idea. However, you’ll be happy to know that you don’t always have to look further than your very own university.
No matter your program of study, many universities across Canada offer co-op programs as a way to ease students into the workforce.
Here are a few that may be of interest:
McGill University – Montreal, QC
Best known for its Science, Medicine, and Management programs, McGill University offers quite a varied list of internship opportunities for its students.
Internships vary and change depending on the time of year but the good news is that new opportunities arise in both the Winter and Summer semesters.
Even more exciting is the fact that McGill’s internships are not solely limited to Canada or even North America, for that matter. Positions are offered and available internationally, giving you the chance to not only gain work experience but also to appreciate a whole other part of the world.
For more information, visit McGill’s CaPS (Career Planning Service) Internships page.
Concordia University – Montreal, QC
At Concordia University, rest assured that there is an internship program available for you. These opportunities are for both undergraduate and graduate students, and include a variety of programs such as Arts & Science, Fine Arts, Computer Science, Engineering and Business.
The internships are available throughout the year, during the Fall, Winter and Summer semesters and are divided into four categories: Undergraduate Co Op Program, Graduate Internships, Career Edge (C. Edge) and Accelerated Career Experience (ACE).
For more information on the available postings, you can visit the Concordia University website.
Dalhousie University – Halifax, NS
For a more hands-on approach, Dalhousie University has got you covered. Their internship programs include a combination of in-class studying with direct, physical experience in the workforce.
The fields of study included within this co-op program are Architecture, Commerce, and Science.
These opportunities are not limited to the province but rather are opened to the rest of Canada and international countries, as well.
For more information on job placement and who to contact, visit the Dalhousie University website.
University of King’s College – Halifax, NS
The University of King’s College offers an array of job opportunities for their students. These include on-campus employment, for the institution itself, as well as external career opportunities.
Whether you’re a student of the Arts, Management, or even Technology, the university has a list of current postings that can be of great use to you. Paid placements are also available for students in the faculty of Humanities.
The Student Assistantship Program (SAP) is another great option, as it provides students with a chance to work as an assistant to a professor. This can be a perfect instance to gain resume-worthy experience as well as the ability to grow your career network.
You can check out these various options as well as career advice on the University of King’s College website.
Memorial University of Newfoundland – St. John’s, NL
For Science, Social Science, and Humanities students, Memorial University of Newfoundland has ample options for your first step into the workforce.
Apply your theoretical knowledge to on-site work, be it in the field of Biology, Computer Science, Psychology, etc.
International placements are also available for students of the International Bachelor of Arts. This program is a great means of preparation for those who are interested in finding careers abroad.
To read about program eligibility and job listings, visit the Memorial University website.
University of Prince Edward Island – Charlottetown, PEI
At the University of Prince Edward Island, internship and cooperative learning opportunities are available for the following programs: Arts, Business, and Science.
The application process comes around every fall and opportunities are available for the entire year. The postings last between 14-16 weeks, allowing students to fully immerse themselves in their field, apply their knowledge, and leave with great newly-acquired experience.
To learn how to apply, visit the University of Prince Edward Island website.
Hopefully these resources will make what can be an overwhelming process a lot more manageable, and maybe even enjoyable. Just remember that so many other students are in the same position as you, and that this is a super exciting time that will inevitably lead to growth, new skills, and tons of valuable experience 🌟.
McGill Career Planning Services. “Internships.” N.D., https://www.mcgill.ca/caps/students/job/internship
Concordia Institute for Co-operative Education. “Internship Programs.” N.D., https://www.concordia.ca/academics/co-op/programs.html
Dalhousie University. “Cooperative Education.” N.D., https://www.dal.ca/academics/cooperative_education.html
University of King’s College. “Student Employment.” N.D., https://ukings.ca/campus-community/student-life/student-employment/
Memorial University. “Co-operative Education Programs at Memorial University.” N.D., https://www.mun.ca/coop/programs/
University of Price Edward Island. “Co-operative Education.” N.D., https://www.upei.ca/exed/students/co-operative-education?utm_source=co-op&utm_medium=redirect
Many of us seek higher education in the hopes of broadening our grasp of the topics and ideas we’ve found engaging as we’ve grown up. Though it’s true that universities can give access to resources, communities, and courses that allow for this kind of growth, they’re still one of the many institutions that are guilty of reinforcing a problematic status quo. Calls for addressing systemic issues of racism, classism, sexism, and the myriad of other harmful practices that continue to impact student life on campus are louder and more widespread than ever.
Students have been able to mobilize and share their experiences, directly call out injustices, and effect change in ways they never could in the past — through social media and the internet as a whole, institutions of higher learning are able to be held accountable for many things that would be otherwise swept under the rug. For instance, in 2019 a Black student was skateboarding on campus at the University of Ottawa, and was subsequently stopped and handcuffed for no apparent reason. The only way that situation was rectified was through the collective engagement of students who opposed such a violation. Koulmiye Boyce, the student in question, stated:
“After that incident, students organized. We released an open letter asking for very clear things. We asked for a policy review, we asked for transparency, accountability, information and representation.”
While all this can be empowering, it’s still difficult to understand how you as an individual can make changes that would benefit your own academic landscape. Universities are large and intimidating entities, and especially at the start of your academic career, it’s easy to feel like just one small fish in the massive sea of other students looking to scrape by.
The Issue of Diversity Implementation
A simple but disappointing truth is that “diversity” is often a blanket term used to gesture to a vague idea of inclusion wherever it is employed — quite often, the mere mention of diversity seems to appease the masses even if no actual set plan or measures are being taken. That is to say, talk of diversity with little follow through is an easy comfort to the conscience of people in positions of power, and such half-hearted gestures allow people to continue supporting these institutions guilt free. It allows for the illusion of acknowledgment to be pushed into the public awareness, distracting from the core issue at play. This is where tokenism flourishes, especially in student life.
When I was taking an African literature course in my third year, my professor (who was white — I have never taken a course in my field taught by another Black professor) pointed out in the first lesson the issue with the course existing as a whole. African literature is literature — it exists among the canon and has equal importance and impact on the history of writing in general. The need to make the course (and other such courses; Latin literature, Indigenous literature…) separate from our required English courses is an example of the lack of true acceptance in academic spaces, and the perpetual exclusion of people of colour. To condense such a broad concept into a single elective is a disservice to the work itself.
This isn’t to say advanced courses that focus on a specific region are inherently wrong, it’s great and necessary to take a deeper dive into overlooked aspects of your area of study. But when there is an intense lack of inclusion in “regular” literature classes, and other forms of writing are shoved into elective courses that students take at their own will (rather than the required study of mostly white, mostly male authors), there is an issue.
Though this acknowledgment from my professor was nice, it was also frustrating. I thought it must mean that many other faculty members must be aware of the issue. So what could be done?
Self Advocating at a Community Level
One thing that can help in taking a step forward in this issue is looking for other students who may share your sentiments. There is a long list of different student-run initiatives on campuses that advocate for marginalized identities; resources such as Concordia’s Centre for Gender Advocacy and Student Union are just a couple examples. It doesn’t necessarily have to be a group fighting for diversity requirements in courses, but if you can find like-minded individuals, you can breach the subject and garner support.
It can be a huge relief just to have your sentiments echoed by your peers, and this also speaks to the power of solidarity strength in numbers. For example, petitions signed by a sizable number of people, or formal complaints written and co-signed by a group, can be shared at a quicker rate to a larger audience than they would if backed by a single person. Utilizing the power of connection through various forms of social media for these proposals can also draw more attention to the cause.
Another impactful move is to familiarize yourself with the people in your class, and your professors. Though it may seem as though there is a great distance between you as a student and your instructor, you’re going to be sharing a classroom and a considerable amount of hours with this person all semester. If you find the syllabus to be exclusionary, attending office hours with others to speak on the issue could prove helpful. While this may not necessarily change the system of the university as a whole, expressing concern over the course materials shows an active interest and highlights the issue. It’s surprising how many professors are blind to glaringly obvious issues within their classrooms. Having this connection with a professor, when successful, may be useful in bringing this concern to a higher level, although this process can be daunting, slow, and deeply frustrating. Professors can help guide you to who you need to speak with on an administrative level, and if the concern is shared, can act as allies to the cause.
In the midst of many global movements and uprisings, more universities have touched on the idea of diversity requirements through coursework. UCLA professor Gene Block stated: “When faculty are socially conscious and create safe spaces for people to share their experiences, more students feel a sense of belonging.”
On a general level, diversity in the classroom is something that does not need to be as contentious and elusive as it currently is. Diversity is something that should be embedded into the fabric of student life in a way that allows for students to access the full potential and scope of their learning material, offering perspectives that reflect the world around us.
Like all lasting, systemic change, these things take time and effort and can be frustratingly slow. While having to fight and waiting for change is quite discouraging, it’s important to remember that it is not only possible, but that you are almost never alone in what you believe in. In moments of exhaustion, look to your community for support. Take advantage of the resources you have at hand, and continue to do your own research as you take charge of your academic autonomy.
CBC Radio. “Students call for systemic change in wake of N-word controversy at University of Ottawa.” October 23, 2020, https://www.cbc.ca/radio/thecurrent/the-current-for-oct-23-2020-1.5772694/students-call-for-systemic-change-in-wake-of-n-word-controversy-at-university-of-ottawa-1.5774034
Centre for Gender Advocacy. https://genderadvocacy.org/
Concordia Student Union. https://www.csu.qc.ca/
DeRuy, Emily. “The Complicated Process of Adding Diversity to the College Syllabus.” July 29, 2016, https://www.theatlantic.com/education/archive/2016/07/the-complicated-process-of-adding-diversity-to-the-college-syllabus/493643/
If you and I are anything alike, you probably loathe the winter season with your entire body and soul. And if we truly are alike, you wouldn’t consider this to be a dramatic statement by any means.
Despite being born and raised in Montreal and having gone through the season change for the past 23 years, I can assure you that my attitude towards winter has not changed or lessened by any means. There truly is no getting used to the dramatic drops in temperature and having to literally scrape ice and snow off your car without turning into an icicle, yourself.
But besides the superficial difficulties of these colder months, the “winter blues” deserve a lot more credit when it comes to the deeper ways they can affect a person’s health, be it physically or mentally.
Winter Blues or SAD?
The winter blues, on a more serious note, known as Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD), encompasses a lot more than surface level hatred towards the cold. SAD effectively impairs one’s daily life through their emotional, mental and physical states. Symptoms include a complete lack of motivation and enjoyment in completing daily tasks, over/under eating, insomnia, the feeling of utter hopelessness, and so much more.
Cold weather aside, the lack of sunlight coupled with the fact that it gets dark outside by 4pm makes it extremely difficult to maintain a positive outlook for the general public, much less those who suffer from SAD. It is safe to assume that these particular people experience this difficulty tenfold.
And if all that wasn’t enough, existing within the province of Quebec at this particular moment in time is far from effortless.
Recently, the Quebec government has reinstated the closure and restriction of non-essential public spaces, and the halt of non-essential public activities. Though there has been news of these restrictions coming to an end in the following weeks and months, living in Montreal right now isn’t exactly what I’d call “fun.”
If we’re comparing the current situation with the previously implemented 10pm curfew we were dealing with several weeks ago that has since been dismissed, I guess you could say we’re livin’ the good life.
I’m sure I’m not the only one who feels as though my already-overwhelmingly-debilitating winter blues have been compounded by the lack of events and general excitement due to these public closures and restrictions. This decline in events (AKA reasons to leave my house that are unrelated to grocery shopping) has also seemed to coincide with a sharp increase in homebodies and “nah, I think I’m gonna stay in tonight”s among my close friends, further adding to the sadness and loneliness caused by good old winter blues.
Individual experience aside, a lot of businesses have already suffered enough due to the various shut-downs and limiting of their hours, especially considering the fact that most businesses had just begun to recover from the previously implemented closures when they were hit with these new restrictions.
To say that life is hard right now would, quite frankly, be the understatement of the decade.
And though maintaining a sense of cheerfulness may seem impossible, I’m here to offer some ways that’ll hopefully make the trek through these next few months slightly less harrowing.
1. Winding Down
One of the most important things to remember is that self-care isn’t selfish. If there’s one way to keep yourself relatively happy throughout these trying times, it’s by finding the things you love to do most.
Whether this means soaking in a warm bath and finally using that bath bomb you got for Christmas or curling up with a good book by the fire, take this time to wind down and refresh your energy.
And if you’re not sure which hobby suits you best, think of this season as March 2020, 2.0. Buy some puzzles, bake, binge TV shows… there’s so many options out there for you to try.
2. Support Local
Now, more than ever, is the time to support your local shops and businesses. There’s only so much that we, as individuals, can do for the economy on a wider scale. So, let’s do our part in supporting the industries that were majorly affected by the pandemic and lockdowns. I can assure you the multi-million-dollar corporations will be just fine without you. Wanna indulge in an arts and crafts evening with friends? Instead of hitting up Dollarama, how about you try out that specialty arts supply store a couple blocks away. It may be slightly more expensive, but I can assure you the quality of supplies will be much higher PLUS you’ll actually be making a difference by directly supporting the store owners.
So next time you’re looking for the perfect gift or treat for yourself, don’t think BIG… think local.
3. Social Check-Ups
Though you may not be able to physically see your relatives or friends due to restrictions and/or quarantines, we’re lucky enough to live in a time where technology is our greatest link to one another.
Consider this the perfect time to check up on your friends via video chat. Better yet, hop onto Teleparty and watch a long-distance movie together.
After all, just because we’re stuck at home, doesn’t mean we can’t talk.
4. Enjoy the Outdoors
Being stuck inside day and night, depending on your work/school schedule, is quite the opposite of enjoyable.
So, take the end of your day and/or weekend to spend some time in the outdoors (preferably when it isn’t -40 °C with wind chill).
Breathing in some fresh air and stretching your muscles can do wonders. Take the time to clear your mind, focus on your breathing and take in the scenery around you.
5. Be Nice
It’s an awful time for all of us which makes it easy to project your bad attitude, thoughts and emotions onto an innocent bystander.
Though it may be a task, try to keep these negative lashing outs at bay.
The least we can do is walk into places with a hint of smile and treat people with kindness.
Though it seems a simple enough idea, you’d be surprised how much power these simple acts can hold. A simple smile or gentle words to a person, stranger or not, can immediately light up their day. In turn, it may even boost your mood as well.
Be nice. We’re all in this together, after all.
HobbyLark. “150+ Hobby Ideas Broken Down by Interest and Personality.” October 18, 2019, https://hobbylark.com/misc/How-to-Choose-a-Hobby
Caruso-Moro, Luca. “Quebec Reintroduces 10 p.m. Curfew as Infection Rates Skyrocket.” CTV News, December 30, 2021, https://montreal.ctvnews.ca/quebec-reintroduces-10-p-m-curfew-as-infection-rates-skyrocket-1.5723269
Brain & Behaviour Research Foundation. “The Winter Blues or Seasonal Affective Disorder?” December 31, 2019, https://www.bbrfoundation.org/blog/winter-blues-or-seasonal-affective-disorder#:~:text=The%20winter%20blues%20are%20very,your%20ability%20to%20enjoy%20life.
Tourism Montréal. “To Keep Informed About the Current Situation.” February 11, 2022, https://www.mtl.org/en/covid-19
Imagine it’s October, you have been in university for a month now, and you finally feel like you have the situation under control. You grab your planner, open it, and realize that you have five exams practically back-to-back coming up in two weeks…and some assignments to hand in on top of it all. Congratulations, you are about to experience your first midterm season!
Although midterms are stressful for everyone, they can be especially difficult in your first year as you may not know what to expect. Don’t worry; we are here to help. Here are our five best tips to survive your first midterm season.
Tip #1: Find a study spot where you can be your best productive self
There are usually tons of places to study on campus, and you should try as many as possible at the beginning of the year. Why? Well, your faculty coffee shop might be the cutest little spot, but if you keep running into people you know, it might not be the best place to get some work done.
Try out different libraries and cafés and see where you work the best. By the time midterms come around, you’ll know exactly where to go to be the most productive.
If home is where you get the most work done, try to make your study space as cozy as possible. Plants, candles, blankets are all great ways to make your study spot more inviting. Nobody likes to study when hungry and to prevent going to the kitchen every 20 minutes, fill out a basket with some of your favourite snacks and keep it near your study space.
Tip #2: Do not, and I repeat, do not pull all-nighters
Time management is a skill, and you might not be the best at it right away. As your to-do list gets longer and longer, you might think the only solution is to stay up all night to catch up on your work. Although this might seem like a good idea, all-nighters are actually terrible for the body and the mind.
Your brain needs rest to work properly. If you avoid sleeping for long periods, your productivity and the quality of your work will go down. Also, chances are that you will forget all the information you tried learning during an all-nighter. Can you imagine studying for a full night only to forget all the information on the day of the exam?
If you want to make the most out of your studying, make sure to get at least seven hours of sleep every night. You will be much better at memorizing if you are well-rested. You’ll also be sharper on exam day, and therefore less likely to panic, misread questions, or forget important details.
Tip #3: Do some exercise every day
It is no secret that physical activity is great for you. But, did you know that one of the benefits of exercising is improved concentration? In fact, physical activity is one of the best and easiest ways to improve focus, concentration, and mood.
If you are not a fan of the gym, do not worry. You do not need to spend two hours every day lifting weights to improve your concentration. An easy 30-minute walk is enough for you to feel the benefits of exercising.
A few lifestyle changes can also help you be more active. For example, you can bike to your classes, take the stairs instead of the elevators, or do a few push-ups while watching your favourite Netflix show.
Tip #4: Keep up with your nutrition
Cooking might not be your top priority during midterm season but living off instant noodles is probably not the best idea. Healthy food will give your brain the energy it needs to do well on exam day.
If time is an issue, make sure to have plenty of fruits and vegetables in your fridge. They are easy to snack on, quick to grab, and convenient to bring on the go. You can also freeze some healthy meals in the weeks before your exam season. Make a giant batch of chilli or soup and freeze half for later. This way, you will have easy access to healthy food without having to stress about cooking.
Tip # 5: Do not be afraid to reach out if you feel overwhelmed
Your first midterm season might be more stressful than you thought it would. If you feel like it becomes too much to handle, it might be time to reach out for help.
All universities have resources available for students in times of struggle. You can usually find them on your university website. For example, in Montreal, McGill University has a Student Wellness Hub for students. They can help you access the services of a dietitian, psychiatrist, sexologist, local wellness advisor, and more! Concordia University also has a website dedicated to students’ health and wellness. They list all the services students can have access to, but a few examples include psychologists, counsellors, and fitness coaches. If you feel like you can no longer deal with your stress alone, contact these services, and they will be more than happy to help you.
You do not have to go through this tough time alone. You can always reach out to friends and family members. They know you, and they might be able to give you great advice.
A final word. . .
Exams are difficult, and with all the pressure to succeed, your first “C” might feel like the end of the world. Rest assured, it is not, and you will have plenty of time to make up for it. Also, a bad grade does not mean you are a bad student or a bad person. Some professors will make their exams extremely difficult on purpose, and there is nothing you can do about it.
As long as you do your best, you should be proud of your accomplishment. Do not obsess over your grades, and do not forget to make the most out of your university experience!
Concordia University. “Health and Wellness.” N.D., https://www.concordia.ca/health.html
Harvard Health Publishing. “Exercise can boost your memory and thinking skills.” February 15, 2021, https://www.health.harvard.edu/mind-and-mood/exercise-can-boost-your-memory-and-thinking-skills
McGill Student Services. “Student Wellness Hub.” N.D., https://www.mcgill.ca/wellness-hub/
Suni, Eric. “How Lack of Sleep Impacts Cognitive Performance and Focus.” Sleep Foundation, December 11, 2020, https://www.sleepfoundation.org/sleep-deprivation/lack-of-sleep-and-cognitive-impairment
Identifying as queer can be an isolating experience for many of today’s students. That being said, as one embarks on a journey into higher education, it can be helpful to know if your schools of interest have great resources to support your individual needs.
Most Eastern Canadian universities offer support to the LGBTQ2SIA+ community in the form of various academic programs or support groups, but each institution does support their queer students in unique ways that will continue to evolve.
Located in the heart of Montreal, Quebec, Concordia includes a variety of support for their queer students.
One of their most prominent societies is Queer Concordia, a community organization focused on the particular needs of LGBTQ2SIA+ students. The collective plans events, provides helpful sex positive information, support groups and access to queer-friendly health services. Taking part in Queer Concordia could also be a great extra curricular activity to partake in throughout your studies.
On the academic side, the university offers an Interdisciplinary Studies in Sexuality Bachelor of Arts program. The program centres around understandings of sexuality across history up to contemporary studies of intersectionality, including feminism, gender, race, class, politics, culture, and more. The required course credits can be taken as a major or as a minor towards another concentration.
Also in Montreal, McGill University provides similar resources for their students, such as the student-run service Queer McGill, who takes and shares stances on relevant politics, highlight queer issues, and take action to prevent prejudice against its members. The organization is very clear in its anti-discriminatory stance for the McGill campus and Montreal at large.
In addition to providing inclusion workshops and training to faculty and staff, McGill offers academic programs such as the Diploma in Human Relationships, Diversity and Sexuality intended for educators, community workers or professionals looking for further research in these areas.
Meanwhile, the McGill University Sexual Identity Centre (MUSIC) provides interpersonal group psychotherapy for queer people and creates workshops on topics such as internalized homophobia for parents of trans youth and more.
Halifax’s Dalhousie University has installed Collaborative+, a forum of communication between campus stakeholder groups to further inclusion for LGBTQ2SIA+ students, staff and faculty. Some of the members of Collaborative+ include the South House and Gender Resource Centre, DalOUT, Human Rights & Equity Services and more.
Health Services is also working to become more welcoming to queer students. The university has a large focus on health and medical services catered towards the queer community. The School of Nursing includes a community for queer students in their department in order to challenge and dismantle systems of oppression in healthcare, among other objectives in mentorship and community outreach.
In the same vein, the Gender and Health Promotion Studies Unit (GAHPS) is a research unit working in the production and translation of health knowledge that values relevant concerns for underprivileged communities.
University of Prince Edward Island
Located in the province capital of Charlottetown, the University of PEI is working to educate its community on the importance of gender neutral bathrooms, posting an official FAQ to its website that lists all of their locations on campus to help protect transgender and non-binary students specifically.
The university also offers a Diversity and Social Justice degree program that explores understandings and awareness of identity categories and their relationship to power and knowledge. The courses constituting the major are reflective of contemporary issues or discussions. After graduation, students are prepared for possible careers in law, government, social work, education, health, journalism and more.
Alex MacDonald, a former student of DSJS now working with Veteran Affairs Canada, believes the program provided her with a new level of critical thinking that she had not experienced previously and that these studies “will be relevant for years to come.”
Having all these resources in one place can help queer students make the most informed decision about their academic futures so they can flourish in an environment where they feel the most accepted.
Be on the lookout for more queer resource lists for other universities across the country.
“Queer Concordia.” N.D., https://www.facebook.com/QueerConcordia/
“Interdisciplinary Studies in Sexuality (BA).” N.D., https://www.concordia.ca/academics/undergraduate/sexuality.html
“Queer McGill.” 2021, https://www.queermcgill.org/
“Diploma in Human Relationships, Diversity & Sexuality.” 2021, https://www.mcgill.ca/edu-ecp/programs/prodev/diploma-human-family
“McGill University Sexual Identity Centre.” 2021, https://www.mcgill.ca/musicmentalhealth/
“Collaborative+.” N.D., https://www.dal.ca/dept/hres/education-campaigns/communityspecificspaces/LGBTQ2SIA-collaborative.html
“Student Health and Wellness: Medical Services.” N.D., https://www.dal.ca/campus_life/health-and-wellness/my-health/Medical-Services.html
“School of Nursing: COMMUNITY OF TWO‑SPIRIT, LESBIAN, GAY, BISEXUAL, TRANSGENDER, QUEER (2SLGBTQ) STUDENTS IN NURSING (2SLGBTQSN)” N.D., https://www.dal.ca/faculty/health/nursing/about/Student_Equity_Coalition/community-of-lesbian–gay–bisexual–transgender–queer–and-two.html
“Gender and Health Promotion Studies Unit.” N.D., https://www.dal.ca/diff/gahps/about-us.html
“All-Gender Washroom FAQ.” N.D., https://www.upei.ca/office-vice-president-administration-and-finance/facilities/all-gender-washrooms/faq
“Diversity and Social Justice Studies.” N.D., https://www.upei.ca/programs/diversity-social-justice-studies
“UPEI’s Diversity and Social Justice Studies program offers self-discovery, opportunities.” April 18, 2021, https://www.upei.ca/communications/spotlight/2021/04/alex-macdonald